Modulating structural hierarchies of manganese oxide in morphology and porosity by marine biopolymer for improved supercapacitors. Zong, L., Wu, X., You, J., Li, M., & Li, C. (2016). Electrochimica Acta, 213, 709-716.-成果-仿生智能材料研究组  
Modulating structural hierarchies of manganese oxide in morphology and porosity by marine biopolymer for improved supercapacitors. Zong, L., Wu, X., You, J., Li, M., & Li, C. (2016). Electrochimica Acta, 213, 709-716. 2016 生物质基 论文
lvll 2019-6-18 239

Nanostructured MnO2 is one of the most promising electrode materials for supercapacitors (SCs) on account of its exceptional properties including high theoretical capacitance, natural abundance, environmental safety and low cost. However its merits cannot be fully embodied by its current synthesis approaches, since most of them were normally tedious, costly, low yield or environment unfriendly, and poor in controlling multiple parameters of MnO2. Inspired by biopolymer-assisted synthesis of hierarchical inorganic materials in living systems, a marine biopolymer was used for structurecontrollable synthesis of MnO2 in this study. Functioning as the reductant, surfactant and directing agent, alginate could tune the hierarchical architecture of MnO2 in multiple parameters including the dimension, nanometric size, crystallographic form and porosity, where d-MnO2 nanocrystals with the size of 5-10 nm first assembled into nanosheets, and then flower-like structure with particle size tunable within 40-200 nm as well as micro- and mesopores. Due to these unique hierarchies in both the morphology and porosity, as-prepared MnO2 exhibited excellent performance as SC electrode, e.g. high power density (32.5 kW kg-1), high energy density (75.1 Wh kg-1) and great cycling stability. Given the green, low-temperature and scalable one-step process, this synthesis may pave a highly promising way to massive production of MnO2 electrode materials for SCs.

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