Interfacial Electrochemical Polymerization for Spinning Liquid Metals into Core−Shell Wires,ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces ,2022,Lifen Long, Xinpeng Che, Peifan Yao, Xihua Zhang,Jingwei Wang, Mingjie Li,and Chaoxu Li,DOI:10.1021/acsami.2c02247-成果-仿生智能材料研究组  
Interfacial Electrochemical Polymerization for Spinning Liquid Metals into Core−Shell Wires,ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces ,2022,Lifen Long, Xinpeng Che, Peifan Yao, Xihua Zhang,Jingwei Wang, Mingjie Li,and Chaoxu Li,DOI:10.1021/acsami.2c02247 2022 柔性智能材料 论文
wangsuxv 4月前 322

Metal wires are of great significance in applications such as three-dimensional (3D) printing, soft electronics, optics, and metamaterials. Ga-based liquid metals (e.g., EGaIn), though uniquely combining metallic conductivity, fluidity, and biocompatibility, remain challenging to be spun due to their low viscosity, high surface tension, and Rayleigh–Plateau instability. In this work, we showed that EGaIn as a working electrode could induce the oxidization of EGaIn and interfacial electrochemical polymerization of electroactive monomers (e.g., acrylic acid, dopamine, and pyrrole), thus spinning itself from an opening of a blunt needle. During the spinning process, the high surface tension of EGaIn was reduced by electrowetting and electrocapillarity and stabilized by polymer shells (tunable thickness of ∼0.6–30 μm on wires with a diameter of 90–300 μm), which were chelated with metal ions. The polymeric shells offered EGaIn wires with an enhanced endurance to mechanical force and acidity. By further encapsulating into elastomers through a facile impregnation process, the resultant elastic EGaIn wires showed a combination of high stretchability (up to 800%) and metallic conductivity (1.5 × 106 S m–1). When serving as wearable sensors, they were capable of sensing facial expressions, body movements, voice recognition, and spatial pressure distributions with high sensitivity, good repeatability, and satisfactory durability. Machine-learning algorithms further assisted to detect gestures with high accuracy.

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